Prior to the invention of vodka Russians usually consumed honey, beer, braga. At that time, there were frequent cases of poisoning with poor-quality beverages, which were damaged during fermentation. Sometimes they even resulted in death. According to another widely spread yet questionable version, winemakers learned how to evaporate braga and condensate. It was the first step towards creating vodka.
During several decades the production of this hot drink succeeded so much that already in the beginning of the 16th century its export to other countries was launched and it was considered a certain benchmark. The term "vodka" itself appeared later, in the 17th-18th centuries. Philologists believe that the word "water" was the underlying basis of this concept.
Privilege of noblemen
In the 18th century winemaking began to be carried out exclusively by nobles. This occupation was considered prestigious and honorary. In order to strengthen the position of the nobility in this field, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna even issued a decree on the special right of titled nobles to "cubes for storing vodka." That 's what special transfer tanks were called. The best drinks were considered to be those prepared by the Princes of Kurakin and Counts of Rumyantsev from Sheremetyevo. Raw materials for vodka production were rye, wheat and potatoes.
Later there emerged a fashion for making vodka with "flavorings". All kinds of variations of the drink became known. Anise, birch, cherry, raspberry, pepper, birch, apple vodka were particularly popular.
The names of these additives began with all letters of the alphabet. Sometimes the following entertainment was arranged during the stalls - the guests made any word and blindfolded one of their comrades. This person was alternately given to try different types of vodka - in the sequence in which the letters in the secret word went.
What is Mendeleev 's merit?
Thus, by the time Dmitry Mendeleyev wrote his doctoral thesis on the connection of alcohol with water vodka was already well known in Russia. In terms of alcoholic beverages, the scientist did not invent anything. In his paper, he calculated how much of the final product would "disappear" when different volumes of water were added. Vodka producers used these calculations to obtain the ideal beverage composition.
Information that Mendeleev invented to make vodka 40-degree is also a myth. In the 19th century, the standard of quality was considered to be 38°. With the invention of alcohol meters, the Minister of Finance of the Russian Empire Reithern proposed to round this value to 40°. The fact is that in the process of preparation, due to different features, the strength of the final product could decrease within two degrees. Russian chemists - Kucherov, Verigo and others improved the technology of vodka preparation, making it "hygienically clean." As such, the drink has reached the present day.
Brands of Russian vodka
- "Stolichnaya" or “Stoly”: business card of Russia;
Vodka "Stolichnaya" has become the leader of export of most vodka brands of Russia almost from the moment of its appearance. The base of the beverage formulation was ethyl alcohol from grain raw materials of the highest degree of purification. To achieve crystal purity and softness of taste, the alcohol is purified with activated carbon and undergoes a complex filtration procedure. For a soft taste it is worth saying our thanks to a small amount of sugar. An interesting historical fact is that already at the first "blind test," carried out in 1953, vodka "Stolichnaya" won against the world-famous brand Smirnoff. Be careful when you take this one to your date with a Russian woman.
- Russian Standard;
Probably the best vodka brand for your second or third date with a Russian bride. Russian Standard Original is produced from the best varieties of winter wheat of Chernozome, in the process of production water from underground sources feeding Ladozhsky Lake is used. After four-fold distillation and multistage purification through coal filters vodka "Russian Standard" acquires its unique soft, velvet taste with distinct wheat shades.
Vodka Russian Standard Gold passes the same stages of production, and at the final stage is enriched with ginseng extract. Golden root gives vodka tonic properties and unique soft taste with warm cream aftertaste. Vodka Russian Standard Platinum in addition to quadruple coal filtration undergoes two-stage cleaning through silver filters. The bottle 's stylish design makes it a welcome guest at both official events and casual club parties.
In 1998, the company "Russian Standard" presented a new brand of premium vodka - "Russian Standard." Today this brand, according to the founder of the company Rustam Tariko, is in the first place among Russian premium class alcoholic beverages. Vodka "Russian Standard" is produced only in St. Petersburg, at the state-of-the-art plant opened on March 23, 2006. The collection of "Russian Standard" includes several varieties of vodka - Original, Gold, Platinum, Imperia.
In 2004, superpremial vodka "Russian Standard Imperia" was first released. Technological process of production of this luxurious vodka includes eight-fold distillation, filtration through coal filters and crystals of Ural quartz. This attention to all the subtleties of production provides an incredibly soft, clear vodka texture and a subtle, barely traceable flavor with shades of spice and chocolate. Vodka "Russian Standard" is produced in strict compliance with the classic recipe developed by Mendeleyev in 1894. Since 2010, each bottle of this vodka has been decorated with a certificate of authenticity of origin, which testifies to the manufacturer 's commitment to the native Russian traditions of vodka production.
Smirnoff is the best-selling vodka as of January 2020
The date of establishment of the brand is 1860. Although there is still a debate over whether Smirnoff can be classified as a Russian brand in view of the brand’s ownership by the British manufacturer Diageo.
There are many geographical locations in the history of Smirnoff vodka development. From Russia to Turkey, from Turkey to the territory of Ukraine, then again to the homeland and to the USA. Unfortunately, the sons of the brand founder failed to revive the family business, after which the exclusive rights to produce vodka Smirnoff were granted to one of the grain suppliers Rudolf Kunett.
- Moskovskaya vodka;
"Moscow Special" or simply "Moscow Vodka" is one of those vodka brands that were represented in the 1890s by the Russian State Monopoly. The distinctive feature of this brand is still a bright green label, which is easily recognized even on cluttered shelves. It is also interesting that in the recipe "Moscow Special" there is not only a standard list of vodka ingredients, but also soda, as well as acetic acid. In addition, it is this vodka that is the only Soviet brand that is produced from grain alcohol.
- Putinka vodka;
"Putinka" is a young but already famous vodka, which has been produced since June 23, 2003 by the plant "Crystal". The brand itself belongs to Viniexim. The marketer who created the name and advertising campaign for the future of the brand admitted that the idea was based on the popularity of the president and the sound of the naming per se.
Numerous "Putinka" awards speak for themselves. Among the regalia are the following:
National prize "Commodity of the Year-2006" in category "Vodka Standard".
In addition, all existing varieties received kosher status from the main rabbinate of Russia, which significantly expanded the audience of the brand.
- Beluga vodka;
Vodka Beluga is a genuinely unique product, the leader in the segment of super- and ultrapremial vodka in Russia in terms of sales volumes. It is the first outstanding, premium and largely global Russian brand.
Beluga vodka is produced by Beluga at the Mariinsky Liquor and Vodka Plant, founded in 1901. The base of the product are the ingredients of the highest quality, painstaking work of masters, their close attention to each part and continuous control of production. Beluga vodka is actively developing in export markets in Europe, Asia, USA, Latin America, Middle East and is sold in more than 78 countries, as well as 248 airports around the whole world.
Spirits used in making of Russian vodka
The Russian state quality system has published a rating of quality and safe for health vodka. The research was conducted in December 2020. Their results can be described as encouraging for our consumer. Practically all selected samples (32 manufacturers, 51 brands) meet the quality requirements for vodka. What kind of alcohol do they make vodka from?
Vodka is made only from food ethyl rectified alcohol. Only qualitatively purified varieties produced from food raw materials have a "tolerance":
"Alpha". It is produced from bread cereals - rye, wheat or a mixture of different ratios. Methyl alcohol content in "alpha" purification does not exceed 0.002%;
"Lux" is produced from various types of grain of cereal crops, both one kind and a mixture with the addition of potatoes (not more than 34%). Methyl alcohol content is allowed - up to 0.002%, as well as in "alpha" purification;
"Extra" is also grain alcohol. It is produced from wheat, rye, maize and triticale. May contain not more than 0.023% methyl alcohol;
Higher purification suggests that alcohol can be produced from various vegetable raw materials grown in agricultural enterprises: grains, potatoes, sugar beet, etc., as well as sugar production wastes. It may contain up to 0.031% methanol (methyl alcohol). It was the quality of alcohol that the attention of experts was aimed at. They looked for components that should not be in alcohol, and also checked the permissible amount of those substances that are necessarily present in alcohol (even food, high degree of purification).
For this purpose spectral and chemical analyses are carried out, which are then compared with a reference sample. The main efforts were made to identify particularly dangerous elements for humans. To learn the nature of alcohol (food or technical), as well as to check how well it is purified, experts searched in samples of vodka sent for examination:
Methyl alcohol (methanol) is a substance that is deadly to humans. Causes severe damage to internal organs and leads to death.
Acetic aldehyde is contained in large quantities in technical alcohols and liquids called Hawthorn. Drunk, turns into acetic acid and literally "burns"
mucous membranes of LCT organs. When drinking and even being in a room saturated with acetic aldehyde vapours, it provokes blindness, lesions (sometimes irreversible) of the respiratory tract.
Sivus oils, ester compounds cause not only severe hangover, but also cirrhosis of the liver. Toxic elements from Mendeleyev table (lead, arsenic, cadmium, mercury) may be present in poor quality grain or other plant raw materials. This poison shouldn’t be in food alcohol.
Furfurol is a by-product of fermentation. Its toxicity and ability to cause mutations in rats have been scientifically proven. With regard to humans, only irritating effects on the skin and mucous membranes have been proven. The correct rectification removes it from the final product (alcohol).
A crotone aldehyde indicating that denaturate is present in the sample, a substance consisting of technical alcohol, gasoline, etc., used to create solvents.
Thorough analyses were carried out, which determined that none of the samples selected had quality deviations, and the indicated degree of purification of the alcohols from which vodka was created was consistent with the marking.
And, if you are still sober after reading and watching all of this, give dating Russian women a shot or two...